About Our Research 

About Our Research 

The overindulgence project began in 1996 with the mission of studying the relationship between childhood overindulgence and subsequent adult problems and parenting practices. To date, we (David Bredehoft, Jean Illsley Clarke, Connie Dawson and our research assistants) have completed five studies and currently have two additional studies in process investigating overindulgence involving a combined 3,348 participants to date.

How Much is Enough? is a book about overindulgence written for parents, parent-educators, and other professionals. This book is unique because it is written for parents while supported by our research findings.

Click on the following links to read more about the research behind our work.

 

  • Bredehoft, D. J., & Slinger, M. R. (2011/2009). Bredehoft – Slinger Delayed Gratification Scale (BSDGS). The scale is available from the lead author: C/O Concordia University – St. Paul, 275 Syndicate Street North, St. Paul, MN 55104; bredehoft@csp.edu.
  • Bredehoft, D. J., & Slinger, M. R. (2011). Bredehoft-slinger delayed gratification scale (BSDGS) manual. The manual is available from the lead author: C/O Concordia University – St. Paul, 275 Syndicate Street North, St. Paul, MN 55104; bredehoft@csp.edu.
  • Bredehoft, D. J., Slinger, M. R., & Walcheski, M. J. (2011, Spring). Lack of gratitude, inability to delay gratification, and unhappiness linked to childhood overindulgence. Minnesota Council on Family Relations’ Family Forum, p. 8.
  • Walcheski, M. J., & Bredehoft, D. J. (2011, Spring). Overindulgence, parenting styles, and parent sense of competence. Minnesota Council on Family Relations’ Family Forum, p. 9-10.
  • Bredehoft, D. J. (2010). Annotated bibliography: Overindulgence and related literature. http://overindulgence.info/Annotated_bibliography.htm.
  • Bredehoft, D. J. (2010). The disconnect between childhood overindulgence and spirituality. Poster presented at the 2010 National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, November 5, 2010, Minneapolis Hilton and Towers, Minneapolis, MN.
  • Slinger, M., & Bredehoft, D. J. (2010). Relationships between childhood overindulgence and adult attitudes and behavior. Poster presented at the 2010 National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, November 5, 2010, Minneapolis Hilton and Towers, Minneapolis, MN.
  • Walcheski, M. J., & Bredehoft, D. J. (2010). Exploring the relationship between overindulgence and parenting styles. Poster presented at the 2010 National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, November 5, 2010, Minneapolis Hilton and Towers, Minneapolis, MN.
  • Bredehoft, D. J. (2008). The effects of an effortless childhood: Responding to overindulged children. LEA Shaping the Future. 5(4), 26-29.
  • Bredehoft, D. J., & Armao, C. K. (2008). What teachers can do when overindulged children come to school. Lutheran Education. 142(1), 25-35.
  • Bredehoft, D. J., & Armao, C. K. (2008). Study 6: Connections between childhood overindulgence and adult life aspirations – A preliminary report. Retrieved fromhttp://overindulgence.info/Documents/Study%206%20Childhood%20OI%20and%20Life%20Aspiration%20Prelim%20Report.pdf
  • Bredehoft, D. J. (2007). Study 7: Reliability and validity findings for a measure of childhood overindulgence. Poster presented at the 2007 National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, November 7, 2007, Hilton Hotel, Pittsburg, PA.
  • Walcheski, M. J., & Bredehoft, D. J.  (2007). Practitioner update for practitioners: Overindulgence. Panel presented at the 2007 National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, November 7, 2007, Hilton Hotel, Pittsburgh, PA.
  • Walcheski, M. J., Bredehoft, D. J., & Leach, M. K. (2007). Study 4: Overindulgence, parenting styles, and parent sense of competence – Executive Summary. Retrieved from http://overindulgence.info/Documents/Overindulgence%20Parenting%20Styles%20and%20Parent%20Sense%20of%20Competence%20Executive%20Summary%20Study%204.pdf
  • Bredehoft, D. J. (2006). Study 3: Becoming a parent after growing up overindulged –  Executive Summary. Retrieved from http://overindulgence.info/Documents/Becoming%20a%20Parent%20after%20Growing%20up%20Overindulged%20Executive%20Summary%20Study%203.pdf
  • Bredehoft, D. J., & Leach, M. K. (2006). Study 2: Influence of childhood overindulgence on young adult dispositions – Executive Summary. Retrieved fromhttp://overindulgence.info/Documents/Influence%20of%20Childhood%20Overindulgence%20on%20Young%20Adult%20Dispositions.pdf
  • Bredehoft, D. J., & Clarke, J. I.  (2006). Study 5: Answering questions about growing up, overindulged, and adult relationships. Poster presented at the 2006 National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, November 8-11, 2006, Hyatt Hotel, Minneapolis, MN.
  • Dawson, C., & Bredehoft, D. J. (2005). The unwanted and unintended long-term results of overindulging children: Three types of overindulgence and corrective strategies for parents and institutions. In G. R. Walz & R. K. Yep (Eds.), Vistas: Compelling perspectives on counseling 2005 (pp.87-90). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.
  • Bredehoft, D. J.  (2004). An overview of the overindulgence research literature. Poster presented at the 2004 National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, November 19, 2004, Hyatt Hotel, Orlando, FL.
  • Bredehoft, D. J., Clarke, J. I., & Dawson, C.  (2003). Relationships between childhood overindulgence and parenting attributes: Implications for family life educators. Paper presented at the 2003 National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, November 8-11, 2003, Hyatt Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
  •  Bredehoft, D. J., Clarke, D. J., & Dawson, D. (2002). Relationships between childhood overindulgence and parenting attributes: Implications for family life educators. Paper presented at the 2002 National Council on Family Relations Annual Meeting, November 4, 2002, Hilton Hotel, Houston, TX.
  • Bredehoft, D. J.,Clarke, J. I., & Dawson, C. (2002).  Technical appendix: Methodology and selected results from the overindulgence project. Retrieved fromhttp://overindulgence.info/Documents/TECHNICAL_APPENDIX_for_web.pdf
  • Bredehoft, D. J., Clarke, J. I., & Dawson, C. (2001, Summer). Dysfunctional beliefs that link with overindulgence. Family Forum, p. 2.
  • Bredehoft, D. J., Mennicke, S. A., Potter, A. M., & Clarke, J. I. (1998). Perceptions attributed by adults to parental overindulgence during childhood. Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences Education. 16(2), 3-17.

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